The project
The project will primarily target Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and the Democratic Republic of Congo where IOM is represented. Cape Verde and Cameroon will also be included in some project activities such as regional meetings. The main objective of this project is to enhance governmental capacities to more effectively manage migration by preparing country “Migration Profiles”, and Technical Working Groups, comprised of the key actors in migration management (Ministries and Civil Society among others) which are to be used as a policy instruments and policy think tanks to promote more comprehensive and proactive approaches in agreement with national priorities and objectives.
The program will draw on and complement ongoing activities by EU Delegations in West and Central Africa to collect data on migration, and will build on pilot research conducted by IOM in two countries – Senegal and Ecuador - in 2006, to test the concept. The Migration Profiles will use a set of indicators that are comprehensive, including not only information on migration trends but also on policy responses such as:
  • An overview of the migration and development policy framework of the country.
  • Development indicators.
  • Quality of Data sources.
  • Emigration and immigration trends.
  • Irregular migration.
  • Internal and South-South migration trends.
  • Return migration.
  • Profile and skills of the diaspora.
  • Remittances.
  • Labour market situation.
  • Anticipated skills needs and skills shortages.
  • Gender and minors.
  • Migration projects and programmes of international agencies.
  • Migration forecasts.
The program’s success will involve much more than simply collating together existing sources of information. IOM proposes three specific activities to enhance data collection and strategic migration policy planning.
First, as data and information relevant to migration is often scattered in different locations inside and outside the government, the establishment of an inter-ministerial and inter-agency working group on migration, together with a series of technical sub-groups, may be required at each country level. The results of Migration Profiles will be discussed in such working groups. Through such a mechanism (Technical Working Groups), Migration Profiles will become a tool to better inform and advance migration policies;
Second, the capacity of governments to collect and analyze policy-relevant data shall be strengthened through participation in Strategic Policy Planning workshops, the preparation of technical papers to inform policy discussions in these meetings and the development of training materials. Eight national and three regional workshops shall be organized to ensure consistency and comparability in data collection and analysis of migration trends and policies in the region;
Third, preparation of sustainable Migration Profiles will require the development of a strategy to better understand and analyze national needs and priorities in terms of migration and development and contribute to policy-making. This requires pilot research studies and the development of new indicators. These challenges will be addressed in thematic and technical sub-groups based on the Technical Working Groups.
In addition, Migration Profiles are intended to promote greater policy coherence and more comprehensive approaches to migration planning at the country level; address irregular migration pressures, promote more regional cooperation in regards to the free movement of persons, and strengthen migration and development planning in national development strategies such as the PRSP. IOM brings consultancy support to the countries wishing to move forward in national migration policy or strategy development.