Switzerland - The crisis that erupted in the Central African Republic (CAR) in December 2012 triggering widespread sectarian violence, massive internal displacement and an outflow of CAR nationals and migrants into neighbouring countries, will have profound long term social-economic implications for the country, according to a new IOM working paper: “Migration Dimensions of the Crisis in the Central African Republic”.
The report comprises four sections that look at the political context of the crisis; the various types of migration in CAR; the impact of the conflict on migration flows; and the short, medium and long term socio-economic implications for the country.
Part I examines the CAR’s history of political insecurity with a specific emphasis on the most recent wave of violence, its deep rooted political complexity and its drift into an ethno-religious confrontation between Muslim Seleka and Christian anti-Balaka militias. According to the report, this sectarian divide was often a mask for generalized violence and banditry. The violence has been declining in recent months. Read more
Central African Republic - The ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has brought the country’s economy to a near standstill. IOM is responding with support from the European Union (EU) by partnering with local communities to offer cash-for-work activities to help restart individual economic livelihoods in the capital of Bangui.
Cash-for-work teams perform various types of work, including cleaning rain gutters, markets and canals, waste management, and street and bridge repairs in Bangui’s first, third, and fifth districts.
Cash-for-work teams are composed of 750 people representing diverse ethnic, religious, and professional backgrounds. Half of the participants are women. Each team works for 10 days and each participant earns USD 50 at the end of the working period.
Esther, a cash-for-work beneficiary, started a small business selling donuts with the money she earned from the project. She shares her work space with two other cash-for-work beneficiaries, who all come from different ethnic and religious groups Read more
Chad - The explosion of violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) in December 2013 displaced over a million people both internally and to neighbouring countries.
The neighbouring country of Chad has received the highest number of returnees, refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs), with IOM Chad registering over 109,000 new arrivals to date.
But many Chadians migrants remain stranded in neighbouring Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville. In the past two months, IOM, in coordination with the governments of Chad, Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville, has organized the safe return of some 1,500 Chadians who fled CAR and were subsequently stranded in Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville.
They included some 20 unaccompanied and separated children, whom IOM referred to UNICEF, which will carry out tracing and family reunification in Chad.
Some 1,350 Chadian migrants were evacuated from Cameroon by three IOM road convoys that arrived in Chad on 23rd July, 8th and 21st August 2014. Another 150 were flown back to Chad from Congo Brazzaville with three IOM charter flights that arrived in Chad on 24th, 25th and 26th August 2014. Read more
Central African Republic - IOM’s seventh IDP Return Intention Survey indicates that 80 per cent of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR) intend to return to their areas of origin in the next month. The survey was conducted 10th -15th July with 606 IDPs at 29 IDP sites around the capital.
The number of people who indicated an intention to return in this July survey represents a 14 per cent increase from the June survey. The percentage of respondents who said they would like to stay at their displacement site dropped from 36 per cent to 6 per cent.
The survey also indicates that despite IDPs’ desire to return, many obstacles remain. The most widely cited reason preventing return was the theft of belongings (74 per cent). Additional reasons preventing return include lack of financial means to return home, the absence of authorities, and not feeling safe (all cited by 68 per cent of respondents). Read more