Etat de la migration dans le monde 2013

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OIM dans le monde

Pays couverts Bénin Burkina Faso Cameroun Cap Vert Centrafrique Côte d'Ivoire République du Congo Gabon Gambie Ghana Guinée Bissau Guinée Equatoriale Guinée Libéria Mali Niger Nigeria Sao Tome et Principe Sénégal Sierra Leone Tchad Togo

Chadian Migrants Fleeing CAR, Stranded in Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville, Return Home Safely
Chad - The explosion of violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) in December 2013 displaced over a million people both internally and to neighbouring countries.

The neighbouring country of Chad has received the highest number of returnees, refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs), with IOM Chad registering over 109,000 new arrivals to date.

But many Chadians migrants remain stranded in neighbouring Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville. In the past two months, IOM, in coordination with the governments of Chad, Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville, has organized the safe return of some 1,500 Chadians who fled CAR and were subsequently stranded in Cameroon and Congo Brazzaville.

They included some 20 unaccompanied and separated children, whom IOM referred to UNICEF, which will carry out tracing and family reunification in Chad.

Some 1,350 Chadian migrants were evacuated from Cameroon by three IOM road convoys that arrived in Chad on 23rd July, 8th and 21st August 2014. Another 150 were flown back to Chad from Congo Brazzaville with three IOM charter flights that arrived in Chad on 24th, 25th and 26th August 2014.
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Displaced Bangui Residents Plan to Return Home Despite Challenges
Central African Republic - IOM’s seventh IDP Return Intention Survey indicates that 80 per cent of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR) intend to  return to their areas of origin in the next month. The survey was conducted 10th -15th July with 606 IDPs at 29 IDP sites around the capital.

The number of people who indicated an intention to return in this July survey represents a 14 per cent increase from the June survey. The percentage of respondents who said they would like to stay at their displacement site dropped from 36 per cent to 6 per cent.

The survey also indicates that despite IDPs’ desire to return, many obstacles remain. The most widely cited reason preventing return was the theft of belongings (74 per cent). Additional reasons preventing return include lack of financial means to return home, the absence of authorities, and not feeling safe (all cited by 68 per cent of respondents).
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IOM Facilitates Land Distribution for Displaced People in Kabo, Central African Republic
Central African Republic - Local authorities in Kabo, Central African Republic (CAR) conducted a land distribution ceremony on 2nd August to grant 193 household plots to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and their families who fled the PK12 neighborhood in Bangui earlier this year.

Community leaders drew numbers to randomly assign the 25 x 25 meter plots to PK12 households in need of land on which to build new homes.

Kabo Mayor Abdel Atif named the area “The Peace Village” and formally welcomed the PK12 community to make Kabo their new home.

“This land distribution cements the inclusion of the PK12 community in Kabo. I am very moved to oversee this important ceremony. We now begin to build the new houses in solidarity,” said Mayor Atif.

Most of the IDPs have been temporarily living in long communal tents designed for 80 persons each: eight in Kabo and 18 in Moyen-Sido constructed by the NGO Solidarité in cooperation with IOM. Others have been living with host families.
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IOM Organizes Safe Return from Cameroon of Chadian Migrants Displaced from CAR
 Chad - Thousands of Chadian migrants fleeing violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) have been stranded in Cameroon since the beginning of 2014.

This week, IOM Cameroon and Chad completed the return by road of almost 500 Chadian migrants from the town of Garoua Boulai, Cameroon, to the newly established temporary site in the village of Djako located 40 km from the town of Moundou in Chad.

Two more IOM convoys will bring home an estimated  2,000 Chadian migrants still stranded on the Cameroon-CAR border in the coming weeks.

The operation was carried out at the request of the Chadian government and was made possible with funding from the US State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration.  The Chadian Embassy in Cameroon issued the returnees with travel documents prior to their return home.
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IOM, Community Partners Act to Prevent Child Trafficking in Ghana
Ghana - In August 2014 IOM Ghana will roll out a series of community-based child protection and counter-trafficking training sessions as part of a UNICEF-backed project.

The project, entitled “Technical Support to the Government of Ghana to Address Child Trafficking and Other Child Protection Abuses: Phase II” will focus on the Ketu South Municipality, and North and South Tongu Districts of the Volta Region.

These community awareness sessions follow the recent training of 16 community volunteers and three district representatives on the “Free To Be Me” Child Protection Toolkit developed in Phase I of the project.

The community focused sessions will continue through October 2014, facilitated by community volunteers and the IOM counter-trafficking team.

Protection and prevention modules will focus on the harsh realities of child labour; the legal implications of child trafficking; parenting techniques; and children’s rights.

All members of the community including elders, local council members, residents and children will be targeted as part of outreach efforts
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AVRR conférence 2-4 April 2014

Stratégie Régionale 2014-2016

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